Continuing the series on patron saints of our oblates. Today is the feast day of St. Joseph, patron of Nathaniel Joseph Marshall, Obl.S.B. Name-day blessings to you, Nathaniel!
Since the COVID-19 virus has many of us hidden away, as it were, in various forms of quarantine or lock-down or social distancing, here’s a thoughtful piece by Soren Johnson, published a few years ago in the newspaper of the diocese of Arlington, Virginia, on the hiddenness of St. Joseph: “Going Dark”
“Joseph is the ‘visible shadow’ of the eternal Father. He has gone dark, but why? And how might the rest of us — who are not tapped by the president to direct the CIA or by an angel to raise the Son of God — go dark in our busy and hyperconnected lives?
“We find the answer, ironically, in hiddenness. ‘There is something intrinsically hidden about the Christian life, and we see the form of this revealed in advance in St. Joseph,’ Cavadini says. ‘His life, by its very structure, cannot provide an accounting of itself, without undoing itself.’
“For you have died,” St. Paul writes, “and your life is hidden with Christ in God” (Col 3:1). Mary and Jesus were, Cavadini says, “hidden, as it were, in and by (Joseph’s) paternal love … completely concealed from the prince of this world, to whom love is always and wholly invisible.”
“Many of my 2017 resolutions point not to my hiddenness in Christ but to my visibility in the world. Maybe more of these resolutions should aim at my decreasing, in order that He may increase.”
(The following is adapted from this site: https://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=4 )
What we know of Saint Joseph, the husband of Mary and the foster father of Jesus, comes from Scripture and that has seemed too little for those who made up legends about him.
We know he was a carpenter, a working man, for the skeptical Nazarenes ask about Jesus, “Is this not the carpenter’s son?” (Matthew 13:55). He wasn’t rich for when he took Jesus to the Temple to be circumcised and Mary to be purified he offered the sacrifice of two turtledoves or a pair of pigeons, allowed only for those who could not afford a lamb (Luke 2:24).
Despite his humble work and means, Joseph came from a royal lineage. Luke and Matthew disagree some about the details of Joseph’s genealogy but they both mark his descent from David, the greatest king of Israel (Matthew 1:1-16 and Luke 3:23-38). Indeed the angel who first tells Joseph about Jesus greets him as “son of David,” a royal title used also for Jesus.
We know also that Joseph was a compassionate, caring man. When he discovered Mary was pregnant after they had been betrothed, he knew the child was not his but was as yet unaware that she was carrying the Son of God. He knew women accused of adultery could be stoned to death, so he resolved to send her away quietly to not expose her to shame or cruelty. However, when an angel came to Joseph in a dream and told him, “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins,” he did as the angel told him and took Mary as his wife. (Matthew 1:19-25).
When the angel came again to tell him that his family was in danger, he immediately left everything he owned, all his family and friends, and fled to a strange country with his young wife and the baby. He waited in Egypt without question until the angel told him it was safe to go back (Matthew 2:13-23).
We know Joseph loved Jesus. His one concern was for the safety of this child entrusted to him. Not only did he leave his home to protect Jesus, but upon his return settled in the obscure town of Nazareth out of fear for his life. When Jesus stayed in the Temple we are told Joseph (along with Mary) searched with great anxiety for three days for him (Luke 2:48). We also know that Joseph treated Jesus as his own son, for over and over the people of Nazareth say of Jesus, “Is this not the son of Joseph?” (Luke 4:22)
We know Joseph respected God. He followed God’s commands in handling the situation with Mary and going to Jerusalem to have Jesus circumcised and Mary purified after Jesus’ birth. We are told that he took his family to Jerusalem every year for Passover, something that could not have been easy for a working man.
Since Joseph does not appear in Jesus’ public life, at his death, or resurrection, many historians believe Joseph probably had died before Jesus entered public ministry.
According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, the Apocryphal Date for Joseph’s birth is 90 BC in Bethlehem and the Apocryphal Date of his death is 20 July AD 18 in Nazareth.
Joseph is the patron saint of the dying because, assuming he died before Jesus’ public life, he died with Jesus and Mary close to him, the way we all would like to leave this earth. Joseph is also patron saint of the Universal Church, families, fathers, expectant mothers (pregnant women), travelers, immigrants, house sellers and buyers, craftsmen, engineers, and working people in general.
We celebrate two feast days for Joseph: 19 March for Joseph the Husband of Mary and 1 May for Joseph the Worker. March 19 has been the most commonly celebrated feast day for Joseph, and it wasn’t until 1955 that Pope Pius XII established the Feast of “St. Joseph the Worker” to be celebrated on May 1. This is also May Day (International Workers’ Day) and believed to reflect Joseph’s status as the patron of workers.
Many places and churches all over the world are named after St. Joseph, including the Spanish form, San Jose, which is the most commonly named place in the world. Joseph is considered by many to also be the patron saint of the New World; of the countries China, Canada, Korea, Mexico, Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Peru, Vietnam; of the regions Carinthia, Styria, Tyrol, Sicily; and of several main cities and dioceses.